PLATE 1. Caricature carving by Harold Enlow of Harrison, Arkansas. Silver Dollar City, April 18, 2008.

Ozark History, Culture & Craftsmanship

by Joshua Heston

The Arkansas Ozarks are different from the Missouri Ozarks and I’m racking that difference up to “social and directional influences.”

That’s a fancy way of saying something really simple: The Arkansas Ozarks are in the Deep South. Up here in Missouri, there’s some ambiguity about where our mountains even lie. The Midwest? The South? The gateway to the West? For the Missouri Ozarks, nobody seems to be all that sure.

But down in Arkansas?

The answer is easy to come by. The Boston Mountains, Springfield Plateau, and the Ouachita Mountains are the Deep South’s westernmost mountain ranges, a rugged land of beauty and hardship, a last remnant of Native American culture, a place of deep hollers and longstanding hillbilly families, where the Santa Fe Trail from Fort Smith points the way of the setting sun.

It’s a Deep South culture with Antebellum, Cajun, Spanish and Native American influences… and a deep sense of identity. Gracious old cities like Fayetteville and Little Rock serve as counterpoints to the folk music valley of Mountain View (land of Jimmy Driftwood and the Ozark Folk Center) and the uniquely Southern Gothic city of Eureka Springs.

It’s a land of a proud people, extraordinary mountains and unique Ozarks culture. It’s also home to some of the best food you’re going to find anywhere; a menu heavy with okra gumbo, crawdads, rice, tomatoes with zucchini, fried chicken… and some of the best fruit pies around.

I’m getting hungry.

— FROM JANUARY 2, 2011, STATE OF THE OZARKS WEEKLY ISSUE 164

Ozark Craftsmanship

Shepherd of the Hills Country (1913-1960)

Shepherd of the Hills Country (1913-1960) by J. Thomas and Joshua Heston As Shepherd of the Hills became a bestselling novel, fans of the book began flocking to the Branson area. The visitors hoped to experience Shepherd of the Hills country for themselves. Locals latched onto the notion of making a living from this newfound…

Bois D’Arc Memories

Bois D’Arc Memories by Joshua Ong In the distance, I could hear the pounding of a drum and the hoots and hollers of people in the night. As I drew closer, I could see people dressed in animal skins dancing around a fire. Behind them stood a teepee. Occasionally the sparks from the fire would…

Turkey Creek Artwork: Hollister, Missouri

Turkey Creek Art by T. Adkins The Meeting by T. Adkins Lawlessness prevailed after the Civil War with no legal protection for the settlers of the area. This need for law and order brought the citizens together to form a vigilante group to drive the criminal element from the area. This group of law-abiding men…

Kirk Lewis, Blacksmith

Kirk Lewis, Blacksmith by Joshua Heston Kirk Lewis, 16, is a blacksmith. What is his inspiration? “We had scrap metal around and I always loved medieval stuff. I just started making things and it formed into what it is now out of research.” The video game Fable was inspiration, as well as film trilogy Lord…

BRIGHT GLOWED MY HILLS:

“All life was not dull work for James Columbus Booth. He was a musician. He had no musical training, but somewhere in his Irish and Scotch ancestry there must have been a harp or bagpipe player because Lum could truly make his old fiddle sing. He kept the instrument in a bleached, white muslin flour sack carefully laid in the bureau drawer. Inside the fiddle, he kept a set of rattles from a rattlesnake, ‘to help the tone,’ he explained.”

— Doug Mahnkey, Bright Glowed My Hills, School of the Ozarks Press, Point Lookout, Missouri 1968

PLATE 2. Sunset Ozark Trail. Photo by Joshua Heston, October 29, 2011.

Ozark History

Hogscald Holler

Hwy 23 road sign from 1962 Hogscald Holler BY LANCE ESTEP WITH JOSHUA HESTON During the fall of 2014, Lance Estep, a member of the Arkansas Archaeological Society and student at Missouri State University, was given the opportunity to conduct an independent study of Hogscald Holler near Eureka Springs for his Advanced Methods in Archaeology…

Goin’ to the County Fair

Goin’ to the County Fair by Dale Grubaugh Summertime. It’s time for the county fair. Growin up in rural Crawford County Missouri, one of things we youngin’s looked forward to was fair time. Fair time meant the city kinfolk would come a’visitin’ and we’d all be havin lots and lots of fun. It began as…

Elias Tucker Goes to War… Well, Sorta

Elias Tucker Goes to War… Well, Sorta BY DALE GRUBAUGH On the bank of Wilson’s Creek the battle lines had been drawn. We advanced a few feet, then upon command, we retreated a few. Moments later we were ordered to advance back to our previous position only to be pushed back to where we had…

The Captain Taylor Farm

The Captain Taylor Farm BY JOSHUA HESTON Shortly after the War Between the States, a certain Captain Taylor settled on a massive tract of land (totaling around 1,000 acres) not far north of Ozark, Missouri. Unlike many poor dirt farmers of the era, Taylor was successful. Mighty successful. On the rolling Springfield Plain, southeast of…

Miss Angie’s End of Season Garden Relish

PLATE 1. Beautiful jars of End-of-the-Year Relish, waiting for a winter season of hot dogs, brats, Polish sausage, pork chops and just-plain eatin’ out of the jar. Miss Angie’s End of Season Garden Relish by Joshua Heston This amazing relish has two important stories for me. First, the precise recipe is from Angie Haage-Hubbs of…

Mandolin Maker John Wynn (1938 to 2010)

Mandolin Maker John Wynn (1938 to 2010) by Joshua Heston What is Ozark culture? “Self-made,” said John Wynn, without missing a beat. “When they got here to such backwoods, hilly country that you couldn’t hardly farm because there wasn’t a level piece of land around, they had to build everything they used. They built their…

Arcane Ozarks

Tales of Hogscald Holler

“Raw Head” or “Demon-Hog” by Lance Estep, 1988, charcoal Tales of Hogscald Holler by Lance Estep Adjoining Hogscald Holler is Durham Mill Hollow. This hollow has a large cave with walls — according to multiple sources — covered by petroglyphs carved by the Ancient Ones: the Ozark Bluff Dwellers who came before the Osage, Quapaw…

Elias Tucker Goes to War… Well, Sorta

Elias Tucker Goes to War… Well, Sorta BY DALE GRUBAUGH On the bank of Wilson’s Creek the battle lines had been drawn. We advanced a few feet, then upon command, we retreated a few. Moments later we were ordered to advance back to our previous position only to be pushed back to where we had…

Magic of the Hillfolk Herbalism

Magic of the Hillfolk Herbalism BY STEPHEN J. MEEK There’s magic in the plants of these Ozark hills. Third-generation herbalist Lisa Pluth notes plantain (Plantago major) has the power to heal a thorn in the flesh when used as a simple green bandage. Of the splinter she got, she says “After I put the plantain…

The Weird, Wonderful Bluegrass Art of Tim Lee

PLATE 1. “For the first one, we wanted to keep it pretty simple. All roads lead to Raleigh. We chose the banjo, the rolling hills, the iconic skyline from the PNC Building to the Convention Center’s Shimmer Wall, and we went with a horizontal format to allow for the typography.” — Tim Lee The Weird, Wonderful…

Mysteries at the Board Camp Crystal Mine by Margie Kay

Entrance sign to Board Camp Crystal Mine near Mena, Arkansas. Mysteries at the Board Camp Crystal Mine by Margie Kay My experience at the Board Camp Crystal Mine in Board Camp, Arkansas, began long before I set foot on the property. I’d heard about this mysterious place where people said they’ve seen not only Unidentified…

Hiking to Cave Spring

PLATE 2. Hiking to Cave Spring by Joshua Heston Cave Spring in Shannon County, Missouri, has seen its fair number of canoers (the Current River flows past the mouth of the spring) as well as hikers. I had the chance to visit in April, 2010, finding it to be one of the most exciting and…