Walker Powell and Jody Gertson

People of the Hills

by Joshua Heston

Before the tourist trade, before the damming of the White River, before the building of the railroad, there were the people of the Ozark hills.

Missouri became a state in 1821. Arkansas in 1836.

Prior to American statehood, the Ozarks were home to a broad mix of pioneers, trappers, early French settlers and Native Americans, predominately of Osage and Quapaw groups.* Later, large numbers of Cherokee were forced into the western edges of the Ozark Mountains in present-day Oklahoma.

The years have also seen an influx of people from the Upper South, the Deep South, and the MidWest (According to Harold Bell Wright, Old Matt and Aunt Molly were from Illinois after all).

The region also saw a rise in African-American culture, due in large part to the movement of Southern slave-owners into the region prior to the Civil War.

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, Missouri became home to many German and Irish immigrants.

People have come to the Ozarks for many different reasons. But, upon arrival, culminating forces forged a unique group.

Not “hillbillies” of comic lore, but Hill People proud of their heritage and closely connected to the land and those around them.

It is these diverse and proud peoples that State of the Ozarks honors and celebrates.

Source Citation:

* page 157, Maxwell, James A., et al., America's Fascinating Indian Heritage, The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., 1978.

plate 1. Venerable Ozarks historian Walker Powell explains his family’s tomato canning factory (the first in Stone County, Missouri) to Jody Gerton of Talking Rocks Cavern, June 13, 2013.

Ozark Barn Detail

plate 2. Detail of a barn located between Taneyville and Kissee Mills, Missouri. The barn was built by the Dalton family in the 1940s and was constructed entirely of native white oak. The Dalton family was of Irish ancestry. The farm is currently owned by Mike and Nancee Micham. September 10, 2007.

dogwood petal

People of the Hills

Email the Editor:

Ozark Culture

State of the Ozarks Inc.
© 2014

Copy and/or use of any portion of this site for commercial reasons without written consent is expressly prohibited.

PO Box 205, Hollister, MO 65673

ozark pine


Celebrating & Preserving the Ozarks